Black Raspberry Seeds and Cancer – the Science behind the Seed
Dr. Weeks Comment: Like black cumin, black raspberry seeds, one of the key ingredients in SOUL, is “heap big medicine” Eat the seed – inherit the intrinsic wisdom of the plant.
Onco Targets Ther. 2011;4:59-69. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S17081. Epub 2011 May 30.
Antioxidant oils and Salmonella enterica Typhimurium reduce tumor in an experimental model of hepatic metastasis.
Fruit seeds high in antioxidants have been shown to have anticancer properties and enhance host protection against microbial infection. Recently we showed that a single oral dose of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium expressing a truncated human interleukin-2 gene (SalpIL2) is avirulent, immunogenic, and reduces hepatic metastases through increased natural killer cell populations in mice. To determine whether antioxidant compounds enhance the antitumor effect seen in SalpIL2-treated animals, we assayed black cumin (BC), black raspberry (BR), and milk thistle (MT) seed oils for the ability to reduce experimental hepatic metastases in mice. In animals without tumor, BC and BR oil diets altered the kinetics of the splenic lymphocyte response to SalpIL2. Consistent with previous reports, BR and BC seed oils demonstrated independent antitumor properties and moderate adjuvant potential with SalpIL2. MT oil, however, inhibited the efficacy of SalpIL2 in our model. Based on these data, we conclude that a diet high in antioxidant oils promoted a more robust immune response to SalpIL2, thus enhancing its antitumor efficacy.
J Agric Food Chem. 2006 May 31;54(11):3773-8.
Chemical compositions, antioxidant capacities, and antiproliferative activities of selected fruit seed flours.
Seed flours from black raspberry, red raspberry, blueberry, cranberry, pinot noir grape, and chardonnay grape were examined for their total fat content, fatty acid composition, total phenolic content (TPC), total anthocyanin content (TAC), radical scavenging capacities against the peroxyl (ORAC) and stable DPPH radicals, chelating capacity against Fe(2+), and antiproliferative activities using the HT-29 colon cancer cell line. Significant levels of fat were detected in the fruit seed flours and their fatty acid profiles may differ from those of the respective seed oils. Cranberryseed flour had the highest level of alpha-linolenic acid (30.9 g/100 g fat) and the lowest ratio of n-6/n-3 fatty acids (1.2/1). The ORAC value of the chardonnay seed flour was 1076.4 Trolox equivalents mumol/g flour, and its TPC was 186.3 mg gallic acid equivalents/g flour. These values were 3-12 times higher than the other tested fruit seed flours. Furthermore, the ORAC value was significantly correlated to the TPC under the experimental conditions (P < 0.05). These fruit seed flours also differed in their TAC values and Fe(2+)-chelating capacities. In addition, black raspberry, cranberry, and chardonnay grape seed flour extracts were evaluated for their antiproliferative effects using HT-29 colon cancer cells. All three tested seed flour extracts significant inhibited HT-29 cell proliferation. The data from this study suggest the potential of developing the value-added use of these fruit seed flours as dietary sources of natural antioxidants and antiproliferative agents for optimal human health.
AND not just cancer – other health challenges are supported also!
Lim JW, Hwang HJ, Shin CS.
J Agric Food Chem. 2012 May 23;60(20):5121-7. doi: 10.1021/jf205350k. Epub 2012 May 14.
[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
Select item 215488012.
Ash MM, Wolford KA, Carden TJ, Hwang KT, Carr TP.
J Med Food. 2011 Sep;14(9):1032-8. doi: 10.1089/jmf.2010.0181. Epub 2011 May 6.
[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]